So my mom was going through tafsir surat al Kahf and she came across a specfic ayah that she just HAD to share with me 🙂 or actually a couple of ayahs
Surat alKahf subhanAllah, its like the perfect guide for ‘Eittiques of Seeking Knowledge’
So, prep ayahs that can be useful for us to learn adab al ilm before i go in depth
وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ لَا أَبْرَحُ حَتَّى أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِيَ حُقُبًا
60. And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: “I will not give up (travelling) until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travelling.”
Adab one: (ayah 60) We learn here on how to be persistent –if you want to seek ilm you have to have the adab for ilm
Adab two: Sabr (ayah 62,63,64)– persistence leads to patience even if its not in your character you will do what you can if u have the urge for ilm
62. So when they had passed further on (beyond that fixed place), Mûsa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: “Bring us our morning meal; truly, we have suffered much fatigue in this, our journey.”
You need patience, because in the path of ilm you should expect to become tired and exhausted.
قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا
63. He said:”Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock? I indeed forgot the fish, none but Shaitân (Satan) made me forget to remember it. It took its course into the sea in a strange (way)!”
Patience in forgetting: Forgetfulness is a another problem that might occur while on the road to ilm, and man its very frustrating. (i personally hate forgetting stuff!)
64. [Mûsa (Moses)] said: “That is what we have been seeking.” So they went back retracing their footsteps.
Adab four: This other ayah gives us a clue of the mistakes preformed while seeking ilm; not getting results wanted.
What i really wanted to get to-So Ayah 66 surat al kahf.. here we go-bismillah:
66. Mûsa (Moses) said to him (Khidr) “May I follow you so that you teach me some of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allâh) that something I might be rightly-guided?”
SubhanAllah out of this ayah, the ulmaa were able to extract 7 manners, but these are the ones I found!
1. The word هَلْ: Asking/taking permission: key word→ May I you can’t just expect to get the knowledge without asking. Also, I think most of us learnt from kindergarten you can only ask with may I cause if you ask ‘can i go to the bathroom?’ your teacher starts saying ‘well I don’t know, can you?’ 🙂
2. The word أَتَّبِعُكَ means to follow. We learn the true meaning of ‘shadowing’. To shadow, to literally be their shadow, thats how you want to learn. In Islamic history all the true ulamaa used to be the ones who used to sit hours and hours next to their teachers in the masjid, sadly interenet defeats the purpose. We can learn so much but how awesome would it be to actually be there right then and see how its done!
3. Humbleness: the clue in the ayah is when Musa (alayhi alsalam) said تُعَلِّمَنِ teach me. Admitting you are ignorant in that subject shows the teacher you are truly a seeker of ilm. We see here, even though Musa was a prophet, he admited in the fact he was less knowledgable in specific areas of ilm. Also, humbleness is shown through asking to follow.
4. The word عُلِّمْتَ what you have been taught- admitting the fact that all the knowledge is referred back to Allah swt and by the rules of islam you can’t hide any knowledge Allah subhanahu has given you. This manner is teaching the teacher more than the student. The same word teaches us another factor of humbleness because Musa knew his teacher had a lot of knowledge and he asked for some portion of it.
5. The word رُشْدًا (first of all to find the translation for this word is really hard but inshaAllah this does some just)-I might be rightly-guided: your goal in ilm is not show off, its seeking Allah’s pleasure, and to be guided further on the true path.
Now the following ayah 70
70. He (Khidr) said: “Then, if you follow me, ask me not about anything till I myself mention it to you.”
The sixth manner is shown here: as human beings we are created to question. We question anything and everything! In this ayah, Khidr told Musa alayhi alsalam before hand: dont ask me till i tell you! Sadly many of the students now keep asking, if they can only wait the teacher might say the answer if he can finish his teachings.
May Allah help us in attaining adab al Ilm 😀