Tafseer Surat Yusuf (Part 2)

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Bismillah,

So here are the rest of my notes 🙂

Recap:

GEM from sis

This is the best of stories because:

1) Allah is the One telling us this story!! There is nothing false in this story…no make-belief!

2) This is the only story in the Qur’an told in one complete surah. The stories of the other Prophets are scattered throughout the Qur’an.

3) There are over 300 lessons that can be derived from this surah alone

4) The mold of stories fall into 2 categories. They either have one main character and the events in the story revolve around them or there is one main event and multiple characters surrounding that event. Surat Yusuf has BOTH!

-Verb via Almaghrib Forums

I left off talking about jealousy. Jealousy is one topic that is constantly mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah.

Quran

Surat al Falaq

1. Say: “I seek refuge with (Allâh) the Lord of the daybreak,

2. “From the evil of what He has created;

3. “And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; (or the moon as it sets or goes away).

4. “And from the evil of the witchcrafts when they blow in the knots,

5. “And from the evil of the envier when he envies.”

This surah is a protection we should read three times in the morning and at night, proctection from the envious and evil (witches).

Surat AlMaidah , discussing the first murder (sons of Adam):

27. And (O Muhammad SAW) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Hâbil (Abel) and Qâbil (Cain)] in truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allâh), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former: “I will surely kill you.” The former said: “Verily, Allâh accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn.”

Sunnah:

The Prophet of Allah (SWT) said: Beware of envy because indeed envy destroys good deeds in the same manner as fire destroys wood. [Abu Dawood]


So we saw the brothers of Yusuf, threw him in the well, cut of ties of kinship, major sin. What left them jealous of Yusuf is because their father valued him and cherished him out of the most.

16. And they came to their father in the early part of the night weeping.

17. They said:”O our father! We went racing with one another, and left Yûsuf (Joseph) by our belongings and a wolf devoured him; but you will never believe us even when we speak the truth.”

Since there is no such thing as a perfect crime, the brothers came at night, appearing that they were weeping. Obviously this was because the tears were not real and so at night, back then we know there weren’t too many lights so who would know?

Ayah 17 says that they said “you will never believe us”, now who says that? SubhanAllah, first they came ‘weeping’ so they can toy with his emotions, and they weren’t honest and made him feel ‘sad’ that ..”even if” they were speaking the truth he would never believe them.

18. And they brought his shirt stained with false blood. He said: “Nay, but your ownselves have made up a tale. So (for me) patience is most fitting. And it is Allâh (Alone) Whose help can be sought against that which you assert.”

When a wolf (or any wild animal) attacks and ‘eats’ someone, does he properly take off the person’s shirts? Or tears is to pieces? So they thought it would be smart to come at night, so he wouldn’t totally examine the shirt, filled with goat blood or whatever it was, the shirt was not torn…*ding ding ding* Yaqoob alayhi asalam knew their lie.

The jealously they had, that horrid disease, blinded them from creating that ‘perfect crime’. Also, the blood was a ‘lie’, (damm katheb) as described in the quran, which is symbolical to the lie of the whole deal.

At this point, Yaqoob turned to Allah. Sabr Jameel (beautiful patience): patience where you only complain to Allah but not about Allah. Don’t turn your anger to what qadr has in store for you.

This is the beginning of lessons of patience. 3 types of patience:

1) in obidence to Allah
2) staying away from disobidence
3) when hit with a calamity

19. And there came a caravan of travellers; they sent their water-drawer, and he let down his bucket (into the well). He said: “What good news! Here is a boy.” So they hid him as merchandise (a slave). And Allâh was the All-Knower of what they did.

20. And they sold him for a low price, – for a few Dirhams (i.e. for a few silver coins). And they were of those who regarded him insignificant.

Think about Yusuf’s lineage. Son of Yaqoob, grandson of Ishaq, great grandson of Ibrahim. He was put in a well, and now a caravan was passing by. Now the people took him, this amazing child, with a power family line up, and sold him for a few darahem. A dirham is lower than a dinar! Thats just a few coins! and the reason to this is beacuse he was a stolen good, hence he was sold for a little amount of $$.

There is hikmah into why he was found though, it was a mercy to Allah he was sold to Aziz, as the story continues from that stage, and puts Yusuf in many tirals alayhi asalam.

2 opinions on who found/sold him:

1) weak opinion: brothers came back and sold him for crack change

2) strong opinion: caravan came by, found him, sold him

Wallahu ta’la ‘alam

And my notes end here 😦 sadly, i cannot wait till the next session inshaAllah!
If i made any mistakes please tell me inshaAllah :).

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